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Edmund Grindal Grindal & St Bees School Birthplace

St Bees School & Archbishop Grindal

Edmund Grindal

The School owes its existence to Edmund Grindal, Archbishop of York (1570 -1575) and of Canterbury (1575 - 1583); he was born in the village about 1517 of yeoman farmer stock.

Called the "Free Grammar School", the School was to provide education for boys born in Cumberland and Westmorland, who were able to pass an educational test. The School would be administered by seven governors, one of whom was to be the provost of Queen's College, Oxford, who would appoint the Schoolmaster at a salary of £20 per year. The term "free" meant it was free of Church juristriction - as opposed to many contemporary schools which were often attached to Cathedrals or Colleges - not that it cost nothing to attend. The school was to be built at a cost of £366.3s.4d. and endowed with annual revenues of £50.

Although the foundation was to be sometimes at risk in its early years a school building had been erected by 1588 and a tradition of learning had begun which has continued without a break for four centuries.St Bees School Foundation North

The original Foundation block of 1587-88. This forms part of the present quadrangle. The blocked up doorway of 1587 can be seen in the gap between the lower windows. "





1587 INGREDERE UT PROFICIAS - Enter so that you may make progress". St Bees School motto stone





Events in Grindal's Life


Henry VIII

William Warham

Born about 1517


Thomas Cranmer

1538 - Graduated B.A.

1541 - Fellow of Pembroke College, Cambridge

1549 - Master of Pembroke College


Edward VI

1551 - Chaplain to Edward VI


Cardinal Pole

1553-1559 - Exiled on the Continent

Elizabeth I

Matthew Parker

1559 - Bishop of London

1570 - Archbishop of York


Edmund Grindal

1576 - Archbishop of Canterbury

1577- Dispute with Elizabeth I

1583 - Founded St. Bees School shortly before his death

John Whitgift


Not to scale


See St Bees School History for more information.